1: Overprints on Czechoslovakian Stamps (issued in 1939)
2: Unissued Czechoslovakian stamp with overprint 'SLOVENSKY ŠTAT' (1939)
3: 1939 Father A. Hlinka (1) (inscription 'SLOVENSKA POŠTA')
4-6: 1939 Folk Costumes
7,8: 1939 Airmail Set
9: 1939 President J. Tiso (2)
10: 1940 President's Residence in Bratislava (3)
11-15: 1940 Landscapes
16: 1940 Airmail Set
17,18: 1940 Personal Delivery Stamps
19-22: 1941 Castles (4)
23: 1942 Father A. Hlinka (inscription 'SLOVENSKO')
24: A. Hlinka (1943)
25: 1943 Newspaper Stamps
26: 1944 L. Stur (5)
27: 1944 M. Razus (6)
28-32: 1944 Landscapes (larger format)
(1) Andrej Hlinka (1864-1938) was a Slovak politician and Catholic priest, one of the most important Slovak public activists in the pre-World War II Czechoslovakia. He was leader of the Slovak People's Party, papal chamberlain (since 1924), member of the National Assembly of Czechoslovakia and chairman of the St. Vojtech group (organization publishing religious books).
(2) Jozef Tiso
(1887–1947) was a Roman Catholic priest who became a deputy of the Czechoslovak
parliament, a member of the Czechoslovak government, and finally the President
of Slovakia during World War II when it was a Nazi puppet state.
Tiso graduated in Vienna in 1910 as a theologian, and afterwards worked as a Catholic curate in several towns, teaching Slovak spelling, organizing theatre performances and doing cultural work. At the beginning of World War I he served as a military chaplain. In 1915 he became the director of the Theological Seminary of Nitra and a teacher at the Piarist High School in the same town. In 1924 he became the dean and parish priest.
Tiso became one of the leaders of the Slovak People's Party (founded by father A. Hlinka in 1913, while Austria-Hungary still ruled Slovakia). The party sought the autonomy of Slovakia within Czechoslovakia and after 1923 became the largest party in Slovakia .When Hlinka died, Tiso became leader of the party. From 1925 to 1939 he served as a deputy in the Czechoslovak parliament in Prague, and from 1927 to 1929 as a member of the Czechoslovak government - the Minister of Health and Sports.
When Germany annexed the Sudetenland and the Czechoslovak president E. Benes fled the country in October 1938, the Slovaks (who had lacked any form of autonomy within Czechoslovakia) declared their autonomy within Czechoslovakia and Tiso became the Prime Minister of autonomous Slovakia. Hungary, having never really accepted the separation of Slovakia from its control in 1918, took advantage of the situation and managed to persuade Germany and Italy to force Slovakia to let Hungary occupy one third of Slovak territory in November 1938, by the so-called Vienna Award.
In the light of this situation, all Czech or Slovak political parties in Slovakia (except for the Communists) voluntarily joined forces and set up the "Hlinka's Slovak People's Party - Party of Slovak National Unity" in November 1938. In January 1939, the Slovak government officially prohibited all parties apart from the Party of Slovak National Unity, the "Deutsche Partei" (a party of Germans in Slovakia) and the "Unified Hungarian Party" (a party of Hungarians in Slovakia).
On March 9, 1939, Czech troops occupied Slovakia and Tiso lost his post of Prime Minister. On March 13, 1939, Hitler personally forced Tiso to declare the independence of Slovakia under German "protection", otherwise Germany would allow Hungary (and partly Poland) to annex the remaining territory of Slovakia. Under these circumstances, Tiso spoke by phone to the Czechoslovak president Hacha and to the then Prime Minister of Slovakia, Sidor, and they agreed to convene the Slovak parliament the next day and let it decide. On March 14, the Slovak parliament unanimously declared the independence of Slovakia, and on March 15, Germany invaded the remaining Czech lands.
Tiso served as the Prime Minister of independent Slovakia from March 14, 1939 until October 26, 1939. On October 26 he became President of Slovakia. Tiso submitted to Nazi demands for anti-Semitic legislation in Slovakia.
In October 1944, the Soviet army reached the Slovak border, and the Slovak National Uprising took place. As a result of these events, Germany decided to occupy all of Slovakia and the country lost its independence. Tiso lost power when the Soviet Army liberated Slovakia in April 1945. He faced a charge of treason, and was hanged on April 18, 1947.
(3) The palace was built as the summer residence of Count A. Grasalkovic in the 1760's in an extensive garden in front of the city walls. The palace was enlarged in the 1770's and the originally separate chapel was incorporated within the palace, which gave the palace its current form. The palace became the centre of society life and was visited by the Austrian Empress Maria Theresa. In the 1890's, the palace was reconstructed to meet the requirements of the family of Archduke Friedrich, to whom the palace belonged until 1919. After the First World War, the palace became the headquarters of the Territorial Military Command. The palace was adapted in the 1940's and became the residence of the President of the Slovak Republic.
(5) Ludovít Stur (1815-1856) was the leader of the Slovak national revival in the 19th century, the author of the present-day Slovak language standard, an organizer of the Slovak volunteer campaigns during the 1848 Revolution in the Hungary, a member of the diet of the Kingdom of Hungary, politician, Slovak poet, journalist, publisher, teacher, philosopher and linguist.