1: Balkan Entente 4th Anniversary (1940)
2,3: Aviation Fund: King Carol II (1940)
4-7: King Carol II Accession to the Throne 10th Anniversary (1940)
8-15: Accession 10th Anniversary and Youth Organization 'Straja Tarii' (1) Fund (1940)
16: C. Z. Codreanu (2) Assassination 2nd Anniversary (1940)
17: Codreanu Anniversary and Signing the Tripartite Pact (3) (1940)
18.19: Spanish Legionaries V. Marin and I. Mota (4) 4th Death Anniversary (1941)
20-24: King Carol I Fund 50th Anniversary (1941)
25: 1941 Occupation of City of Cernauti in Bukovina (5) (overprint on Carol I fund set)
26: 1941 Occupation of City of Chisinau in Bessarabia (overprint on Carol I fund set)
27: Red Cross (1941)
28: Occupation of Transdnestria: Duke Duca (1941)
29-32: Anti-Bolshevik League (6) (1941)
33: 1941 Occupation of Odessa (overprint on Anti-Bolshevik set)
34-44: Annexation of Bukovina and Bessarabia: Historical Buildings (1941)
45-53: Annexation of Bukovina and Bessarabia and Aviation Fund (1941)
54: Prisoners of War Fund: Writer T. Maiorescu (7) (1942)
1-3: Acquisition of Bukovina 1st anniversary (1942)
4-6: Acquisition of Bessarabia 1st anniversary (1942)
7: Writer A. Muresanu (8) (1942)
8: A. Iancu (9) Statue Fund (1943)
9: Occupation of Transdnestria 1st Anniversary: C. Miron (10) (1942)
10: Red Cross (1943)
11: Occupation of Transdnestria 2nd Anniversary (1943)
1-3: Participation of Romania in War 2nd anniversary (1943)
4-8: Refugees Fund: Famous Romanians (1943)
9: King Michael I (11) Coronation 3rd Anniversary (1943)
10: Sports Week (1943)
11-15: Refugees Fund: Famous Romanians (1943)
16-23: Romanian Artillery Centenary (1943)
1: Engineers' Association 25th Anniversary (1943)
2: Dr. N. Cretzulescu (12) (1944)
3: Rugby Association 30th Anniversary (1944)
4-7: Town of Radaseni (1944)
8-11: Postal Employees' Fund (1944)
12: 1944 Bycentenary of Postal Service (overprint on postal employees' fund set)
13: 1940 Aviation Fund: Michael I
(1) In 1937 King Carol II founded the "Straja Tarii" (Guardians of the Country) as a united Romanian Youth Movement, founded on the same basic ideas and system as the Boy Scout Movement, which he himself had initiated in the country at the age of 15 when he was Crown Prince. The Straja Tarii coordinated all the youth movements in the country, boys and girls.
Zelea Codreanu (1899-1938) was the main figure of the Romanian fascist movement
in the interwar period, known as The Legion of Saint Michael the Archangel or
The Iron Guard.
Codreanu studied Law in Iasi. That is also where he began his political career. His mentor, the university professor A. C. Cuza, was a nationalist politician, the founder of a Christian nationalist organization called "The League of National and Christian Defense". Codreanu built his political ideology on anti-communism, mysticism and nationalism. In the early 1920's, Codreanu founded his own organization: The Legion of Saint Michael The Archangel. What made Codreanu's movement unique in character was its strong attachment to Orthodox Christianity. The Legionnaires (as they came to be called) drew their support mainly from wealthy peasants and conservative college students. Codreanu held absolute authority over the organization until his death in November 1938 (assassinated at the order of King Carol II during an alleged escape attempt).
(3) The Tripartite Pact, also called the Three-Power Pact, was signed in Berlin on September 27, 1940 by representatives of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Japan. The agreement formalized the Axis Powers' partnership, and can be read as a warning to the United States to remain neutral in World War II, or become involved in a war on two fronts; article 3 of the pact stated that Contracting Parties would assist one another with all political, economic and military means when one of the three Contracting Parties is attacked by a power at present not involved in the European War or in the Sino-Japanese Conflict. The Tripartite Pact was subsequently joined by Romania on November 23, 1940.
(4) A force of seven Romanian Legionary "commanders" was organized to fight in Spain on the side of the anti-communist nationalists during Spanish civil war. Among them were Vasile Marin and Ion Mota (who was the "right-hand man" of C. Codreanu, founder and leader of the Iron Guard). On January 13, 1937 Ion Mota and Vasile Marin were killed at the front at Majadahonda (near the Spanish capital of Madrid).
(5) Following the German-Soviet non-aggression pact of August 23, 1939 and the French capitulation in June 1940, the French-British guarantee for Romania's territorial integrity from April 1939 had little value. A Soviet ultimatum on June 26, 1940 forced the Romanian to return Bessarabia and cede northern Bukovina, which had never been a part of Russia. This ultimatum was the result of a secret clause of the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact. On 30th August 1940 most of Transylvania had to be ceded to Hungary by German orders, and finally Bulgaria reclaimed southern Dobruja with German and Soviet backing. This way Romania lost a third of its national territory, constituted in 1918. King Carol II got the blame for these disasters and was forced to abdicate. His son Michael was once more proclaimed King of Romania. The pro-German general Ion Antonescu formed a Government with representatives from the Iron Guard and German troops were stationed in the country. Without abolishing the monarchy, he ruled the country as a dictator and joined Germany in the war against the Soviet Union, in order to recover the lost provinces. Hitler rewarded Romania's loyalty by returning Bessarabia and northern Bukovina and by allowing Romania to annex Soviet lands immediately east of the Dniester, including Odessa.
Anti-Comintern Pact was concluded between Nazi Germany and Japan in November
1936. The pact was directed against the Communist International (Comintern)
in general, and the Soviet Union in particular. In case of an attack by the
Soviet Union, the two countries agreed to consult on what measures to take "to
safeguard their common interests". They also agreed that neither of them
would make any political treaties with the Soviet Union, and Germany also agreed
to recognize the Japanese puppet regime in Manchuria. In 1937 Italy joined the
Adolf Hitler broke the terms of the pact when he signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in August 1939. He did this because he was attempting to avoid a war on two fronts. The Anti-Comintern Pact was revived in 1941, after Germany's assault on the Soviet Union. This time the parties were: Germany, Japan, Italy, Hungary, Spain, Manchukuo, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Romania, Slovakia, and the Nanking regime in China.
The set of four stamps was issued on 11th October 1941 and it was dedicated to the so called brotherhood in arms between the Romanian and German troops. All stamps display on the bottom the text: "The holy war against the bolshevism". The very high surtax was destined to finance the Anti-Bolshevism crusade.
(7) Titu Maiorescu was a Romanian literary critic and a Prime Minister of Romania from 1912 to 1914. He was the leader of Junimea literary club.
(8) Andrei Muresanu (1816-1863) was a Romanian poet and revolutionary of Transylvania. He was born in a family of peasants. He studied philosophy and theology and, starting 1838, was a professor at Brasov. He published his first poetry in the magazine Foaia pentru Minte. He was one of the leaders of the 1848 revolution in Romania, participating in the Brasov delegation in Blaj in May 1848. His poem ''Desteapta-te, române!'' became the hymn of the revolutionaries. Nowadays, this poem is the national anthem of Romania. After the revolution, Muresanu worked as translator and had some patriotic works published in the magazines. In 1862 his poetry was gathered in a volume. He died due to bad health in 1863.
(9) Avram Iancu (1824-1872) was a Romanian lawyer that played an important role in the Transylvanian revolution of 1848-1849. He was born in a family of peasants in the Vidra village. He studied humanities in Cluj and then the law school. After graduation, he became a law clerk. It was there that he learned about the events of March 1848 of Vienna and Budapest. Iancu was one of the initiators of the Blaj reunion of 1848. He became the leader of the army of Romanian peasants and miners of the Apuseni Mountains and defeated certain attacks of the Hungarian Army. However, with the time, Iancu's army weakened and with the help of the Russian army, the Habsburgs defeated the revolutionary army at Sighisoara on 13 August 1849.
(10) Costin Miron came from a big Moldavian family of nobles. Born in 1633, he made his studies in an Jesuit college at Bar in Poland. He came back into the country being appreciated as an educated noble. During S. Gheorghe's reign (1653-167) he got noble ranks. Various rulers sent him in diplomatic missions and kept him around them during the military expeditions. Because of the rivalries among the noble families he was killed in 1691. He wrote the chronicle on the history of Moldavia.
(11) King Michael I was born in 1921. He was King of Romania from July 20, 1927 to June 8, 1930, and again from September 6, 1940 to December 30, 1947, when he was deposed by the Communist regime.
Michael was son of then Crown Prince Carol and Princess Helen. When Carol renounced his rights to the throne in December 1925, Michael was pronounced heir apparent, and he succeeded to the throne on Ferdinand's death in 1927. Since Michael was a minor, a regency was established, but in 1930 Carol suddenly returned to the country and was proclaimed king again. Michael was designated Crown Prince. In September 1940 the pro-German regime of Marshal Ion Antonescu staged a coup against Carol. Michael was then proclaimed King, but as an 18-year-old he was unable to exercise any authority and served as a marionette for the Antonescu regime.
In August 1944, as the Soviet armed forces approached Romania's eastern border, Michael joined with pro-Allied politicians in staging a coup d'etat against Antonescu, who was arrested. Michael proclaimed Romania's loyalty to the Allies and declared war on Germany, but this was not enough to avert a Soviet occupation. In March 1945, Michael was forced to appoint a pro-Soviet government dominated by the Communist Party of Romania. In December 1947 the Communists announced the abolition of the monarchy, and Michael was forced to abdicate and soon after left the country.
(12) Nicolae Cretulescu was a three-time prime minister of Romania, serving 1862-1863, 1865-1866 and in 1867. He first became prime minister after the assassination of B. Catargiu. He avoided debating the issue of agrarian reform, at that time the most contentious subject in Romanian politics, focusing instead on unifying the public health system, creating the Directorate General of the Public Archive, and establishing a Council for Public Instruction. He laid the groundwork for further laws secularizing the property of monasteries.