In 1939, Poland was invaded by Germany and the Soviet Union, igniting World War II. First, the two powers divided Poland between them, but Germany occupied all of the country after its invasion of Russia in 1941. Western parts of Poland were annexed to German Reich, and remains of the country were renamed into General Government.
1: Overprints on German Reich Stamps (issued in 1939)
2: Overprints on Polish Stamps (1940)
3-14: 1940 Definitives: Buildings
15-18: Red Cross Fund (1940)
19-21: First Anniversary of Occupation (1940)
22: Winter Relief Fund (1940)
23-25: 1941 Definitives: Castles
26: 1941 Definitive: Town Hall in Sandomierz
27: 1941 A. Hitler Definitives
28: Hitler 53rd Birthday (1942)
29,30: Town of Lublin (1) 600th Anniversary (1942)
31-35: 3rd Anniversary of Occupation and Culture Fund (2) (1942)
36: A. Hitler 54th Birthday (1943)
1: N. Copernicus 400th Death Anniversary (1943)
2-6: 3rd Anniversary of General Government's Nazi Party (1943)
7-10: 1943 Definitives: Castles
11: Hitler 55th Birthday (1944)
12-16: 1944 Culture Fund (3)
17: General Government 5th Anniversary (1944)
18: 1940 Official Stamp
19: 1943 Official Stamp
(1) The history of
Lublin began in the Middle Ages, when the town was a trade settlement and a
guard post on the eastern border of a young Polish state. The first written
information about it dates back to the 12th century, and then in 1317 it was
granted city rights. Its position was favorable on the trade route to the Black
Sea. As a trade centre, it lured people of different nationalities, turning
into a common home for Poles, Jews, Ruthenians, Germans and Armenians. It was
also an important centre of the Reformation movement that evolved peacefully
In the 16th century Lublin witnessed one of the most crucial events in Polish history – the signing of the pact between Poland and Lithuania. This is known as the Lublin Union, and marked the beginning of the largest mainland state in Europe, which included the lands of Rus and spread from the Baltic to the Black Sea.
The 17th century brought widespread destruction of the city, caused by wars with the Cossacks and the Swedes and due to epidemics. After the partitions of Poland, Lublin found itself first in the Austrian Empire, but after the Napoleonic wars it passed into Russian hands. Following World War I Lublin returned to Poland, and for a short period was the capital of the newly reborn state of Poland.
Under Nazi occupation during World War II, many citizens of Lublin, especially Jews, were killed at the local concentration camp in Majdanek, a suburb of the city. On 24 July 1944, the city was taken by the Soviet Army. In the postwar years Lublin continued to grow, tripling its population and greatly expanding in area.
(2) Stamps depict Veit Stoss (sculptor), Portrait of a young lady (a painting by Albrecht Durer, German painter and mathematician), Johann Chr. Schuch (architect), Jozef Elsner (composer and professor of music) and Nicolaus Copernicus (astronomer who formulated the first explicitly heliocentric model of the solar system).
depict Konrad Celtis (humanist and poet), Andreas Schlüter (baroque sculptor
and architect), Hans Boner (also known as Jan Boner - a German-born Polish merchant
and banker), Augustus II the Strong (King of Poland from 1697 to 1704 and again
1709-1733) and Georg Gottlieb Pusch (geologist).