1: Tuberculosis Fund (issued in 1906)
2: Admiral de Ruyter (1) 300th birth anniversary (1907)
3,4: Artists Fund (1923)
5: Children Fund (1924)
6-8: Children Fund (1925): provinces' coats of arms
9-12: Children Fund (1926): provinces' coats of arms
13-17: Dutch Red Cross 60th anniversary (1927): royal family members
18-21: Children Fund (1927): provinces' coats of arms
22-29: 9th Olympic Games (2) in Amsterdam (1928)
30: 1929 Airmail for flights to Dutch East Indies (3)
31: Children Fund (1929)
32: Rembrandt (4) Society (1930)
33,34: Restoration of stained glass in Saint John Church (5) (1931)
35-38: Children Fund (1931)
39-42: Dutch Tourist Association (1932)
43-46: Children Fund (1932)
47-50: William I of Orange (6) 400th birth anniversary (1933)
51-54: Rescue at sea (1933)
55: Children Fund (1933)
56,57: National Crisis Committee (1934): Queen Wilhelmina (7) and Princess Juliana (8)
1,2: 300 Years of Curacao (9) under Dutch rule (1934)
3: Children Fund (1934)
4-7: Cultural and Social Fund (10) (1935)
8: National Airways Fund (1935)
9: Children Fund (1935)
1-4: 1913 Centenary of Independence (11)
5: 1921 airmail
6,7: Dutch Lifeboat Institution centenary (12) (1924)
8,9: 1928 Airmail for flights to Dutch East Indies: pilots G. A. Koppen and Th. van der Hoop
10-13: 1928 Children Fund (13)
14-17: 1930 Children Fund
18-20: 1931/33 Queen Wilhelmina
21: For peace in the World (1933)
22: Airmail stamp for special flights (1933)
23: Death of Queen Mother Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont (14) (1934)
(1) Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter (1607 –1676) is one of the most famous admirals in Dutch history. De Ruyter is most famous for his role in the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 17th century. He fought the English and French in these wars and scored several major victories. The pious De Ruyter was very much loved by his sailors and soldiers. He is honored by a statue in his birthplace Vlissingen, where he stands looking over the sea.
(2) Amsterdam hosted
the Olympic Games from May 17 to August 12 1928, made possible thanks to public
support as the Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina was against the event, considering
it a "demonstration of paganism". Amsterdam had made a bid for the
1920 and 1924 Olympic Games, but had to give way to war-victim Belgium and De
Coubertin's Paris before finally being awarded with the organization. These
games were the first to bear the name "Summer Olympic Games".
For the first time the Olympic flame lit up the stadium night and day but Queen Wilhelmina refused to attend the opening ceremony. Also for the first time, the parade of nations started with Greece, which holds the origins of the Olympics, and ended with the host country, a tradition which continues today. The 9th Olympiad in Amsterdam was also noted for the appearance of women in athletics and gymnastics events despite recommendations to the contrary by Baron de Coubertin. Pierre de Coubertin finally ended his connection with the Games. He played no part in the organization of the Amsterdam Olympiad.
(3) Dutch East Indies also called Netherlands East Indies was one of the overseas territories of The Netherlands until December 1949, now Indonesia.
(4) Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606 – 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period that historians call the Dutch Golden Age. His most famous works are Danaë, Jacob de Gheyn III, Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, Belshazzar's Feast, Night Watch and The Syndecs of the Clothmakers' Guild which is depicted on stamp.
(5) Grote of St. Jans
Kerk (Great or Saint John Church) is the largest cross-shaped church in the
Netherlands located in city of Gouda. It's famed for its stained glass which
were made between 1530 and 1603, considered the most significant stained glass
collection in the Netherlands. Even in the 17th century, it already was a tourist
(6) Prince William I of Orange, Count of Nassau (1533 –1584), also widely known as William the Silent was born in the House of Nassau. He became Prince of Orange in 1544 and is thereby the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau. He was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish that set off the Eighty Years' War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648.
A wealthy nobleman, William originally served at the court of the governor Margaret of Parma. Unhappy with the lack of political power for the local nobility and the Spanish persecution of Dutch Protestants, William joined the Dutch uprising and turned against his former masters. The most influential and politically capable of the rebels, he led the Dutch to several military successes in the fight against the Spanish. Declared an outlaw by the Spanish king in 1580, he was assassinated by B. Gerard at a time when William's popularity was waning.
As the chief financier and political and military leader of the early years of the Dutch revolt, William is considered a national hero in the Netherlands, even though he was born in Germany, and usually spoke French. Many of the Dutch national symbols can be traced back to William of Orange. The flag of the Netherlands (red, white and blue) is derived from the flag of the prince, which was orange, white and blue. The coat of arms of the Netherlands is based on that of William of Orange. The national anthem of the Netherlands, the Wilhelmus, was originally a propaganda song for William. The national colour of the Netherlands is orange, and it is used, among other things, in clothing of Dutch athletes.
(7) Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina
Helena Pauline Marie of Orange-Nassau; 1880 –1962) was the only child
of King William III and his second wife, Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont. She was
queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1890 to 1948 and Queen
Mother from 1948 to 1962. She ruled the Netherlands for fifty years, longer
than any other Dutch monarch.
Outside the Netherlands she is primarily remembered for her role in the Second World War. On 10 May 1940, Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands, and Queen Wilhelmina and her family fled to the United Kingdom three days later although Queen Wilhelmina had wanted to stay in the Netherlands: she had planned to go to the southern province of Zeeland with her troops in order to coordinate further resistance. In Britain, Queen Wilhelmina took charge of the Dutch government in exile, setting up a chain of command and immediately communicating a message to her people. During the war her photograph was a sign of resistance against the Germans. Queen Wilhelmina broadcast messages to the Dutch people over Radio Oranje. Following the end of World War II, Queen Wilhelmina made the decision not to return to her palace but move into a mansion in The Hague, where she lived for eight months, and she traveled through the countryside to motivate people, sometimes using a bicycle instead of a car. However, in 1947, while the country was still recovering from World War II, the revolt in the oil-rich Dutch East Indies saw sharp criticism of the Queen by the Dutch economic elite. Her loss of popularity and the forced departure from the East Indies under international pressure led to her abdication soon after. On September 4, 1948 Wilhelmina abdicated in favor of her daughter Juliana.
(8) Juliana (Juliana Emma Louise Marie Wilhelmina van Oranje-Nassau) (1909 – 2004) was queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from her mother's abdication in 1948 to her own abdication in 1980 and Queen Mother from 1980 to 2004.
is an island in the southern part of the Caribbean Sea off the west coast of
Venezuela. The belongs to the Netherlands Antilles, a self-governing part of
the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Curaçao's capital is Willemstad.
The original inhabitants of Curaçao were Arawak Amerindians. The first Europeans to see the island were members of a Spanish expedition in 1499. The island was occupied by the Dutch in 1634. Curaçao had been previously ignored by colonists because it lacked many things that colonists were interested in, such as gold deposits. However, the natural harbor of Willemstad proved quickly to be an ideal spot for trade. Commerce and shipping -but also piracy- became Curaçao's most important economic activities. In addition, Curaçao came to play a pivotal role in the Atlantic slave trade. The Dutch West India Company made Curaçao a center for slave trade in 1662. Dutch merchants brought slaves from Africa to the trading area called Asiento. From there, slaves were sold and shipped to various destinations in South America and the Caribbean.
The slave trade made the island affluent, and led to the erection of the impressive colonial buildings that still stand today. The wide range of other historic buildings in and around Willemstad earned the capital a place on UNESCO's world heritage list.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, the island changed hands among the English, the French, and the Dutch several times. Stable Dutch rule returned in 1815, at the end of the Napoleonic wars. The Dutch abolished slavery in 1863. The end of slavery caused economic hardship, prompting many inhabitants of Curaçao to emigrate to other islands. When in 1914 oil was discovered the fortunes of the island were dramatically altered. Royal Dutch Shell and the Dutch Government had built an extensive oil refinery installation thereby establishing an abundant source of employment for the local population and fueling a wave of immigration from surrounding nations.
(10) Stamps depict H. D. Guyot (founder of Groningen’s Royal Institute for the Deaf), Alphons I. M. Diepenbrock (composer, essayist and classicist), Frans C. Donders (ophthalmologist and medical scientist, regarded as an authority on eye diseases) and I. Pz. Sweelinck (composer, organist, and pedagogue).
(11) After the Napoleonic wars, at the 1815 Congress of Vienna, the victorious powers decided to create a buffer of strong states to contain the expansionist tendencies of France. One of these was the new United Kingdom of the Netherlands, consisting of Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg. Nation's first king became William I of the Netherlands, son of the last stadtholder William V of Orange. He returned to the country in 1813. Belgium rebelled and gained independence in 1830, while the personal union between Luxembourg and the Netherlands was severed in 1890.
(12) The Royal Netherlands Sea Rescue Institution (KNRM) was established in 1824 as a maritime life saving organization, rendering its services free of charge. The stamps are example of the Art Deco style.
(13) Stamps depict J. P. Minckeleers (inventor of illuminating gas), H. Boerhaave (botanist, humanist and physician, regarded as the founder of clinical teaching and of the modern academic hospital), H. A. Lorentz (physicist and Nobel Prize winner for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect) and C. Huygens (mathematician, astronomer, physicist, and horologist).
(14) Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1858 – 1934) was Queen consort of William III, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg. When William died in 1890, Emma became regent for her underaged daughter, Wilhelmina, the late king's only surviving child. She would remain Queen regent until Wilhelmina's eighteenth birthday on 31 August 1898. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, which could not be inherited by a woman at that time, passed to their distant cousin Adolf, Duke of Nassau. She died in The Hague in 1934, of complications from bronchitis at the age of 75, and was buried in Delft.