1-4: German Emergency Aid (1) (issued in 1924)
5-8: 1924 Definitives: Castles
9,10: 50 Years of UPU (2): H. von Stephan (3) (1924)
11,12: Traffic Exhibition in Munich (1925)
13-15: Rhineland Millenary (1925)
16-18: 1925 German Emergency Aid
(1) From 1924 to 1940 Germany issued an annual series of postage stamps bearing a charity surcharge. For the first twelve years (till 1936) they raised funds for the Deutsche Nothilfe (German Emergency Aid), thereafter for the National Socialists' Winterhilfswerk (WHW, or Winter Relief Fund), though the two became largely indistinguishable. The Deutsche Nothilfe had been launched in 1923 as a fund for national disasters such as floods, only later concentrating on the welfare of the individual, initially for children, but during the Depression also helping the poor and unemployed against the ravages of winter.
(2) The Universal Postal Union (UPU) is an international organization that coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the world-wide postal system.
Prior to the establishment of the UPU, a country had to conclude a separate postal treaty with each other country that it wished to carry international mail to or from. The United States called for an international postal congress, which was held in 1863. This led H. von Stephan, Prussian Minister for Posts, to found the Universal Postal Union. It was created in 1874, under the name General Postal Union. In 1878 the name was changed to Universal Postal Union.
The UPU established that there should be a more or less uniform flat rate to mail a letter anywhere in the world, postal authorities should give equal treatment to foreign and domestic mail and that each country should retain all monies it collected for international postage.
One of the most important results of the UPU treaty was that it ceased to be necessary, as it often had been previously, to affix the stamps of any country through which one's letter or package would pass in transit; the UPU provides that stamps of member nations are accepted for the whole international route.
(3) Heinrich von Stephan
(1831-1897) reorganized the German postal service, and served as its director.
He was integral in the founding of the Universal Postal Union in 1874, and in
1877 introduced the telephone to Germany.
He began his career as a simple local postal worker. In 1866, he was put in charge by the Prussian government of federalizing the postal service that had long been privately run by the Thurn und Taxis noble family. In 1870, he was named director of postal services for the North German Confederation (the precursor to the German Empire). Von Stephan's career then moved quickly up the ranks, as he was named Postmaster General of the German Empire in 1876, the Undersecretary of State in charge of the post office in 1880, and the Minister of State for the German Empire in 1895.
When von Stephan had begun his work as a postal worker, Germany was divided into 17 postal districts, each with separate policies and fees. He worked early on to establish a uniform postage rate throughout Germany, to facilitate easier mailing. His general goal of standardization and internationalization is evident in his work to combine the postal service with the telegraph service in Germany, and in his efforts to organize the International Postal Conference in Bern in 1874, in which the Universal Postal Union was established. He introduced the postcard and is also credited with having introduced the telephone to Germany. Von Stephan died in 1897 in Berlin.