1931 Balkan Games in Sofia:
1,2: 1930 Royal Wedding of King Boris III and Princess Giovanna of Italy (1)
3,4: 1931 King Boris Definitives
5 : 1931 Airmail Set
6 -11: Shipka Pass Memorial (1934)
1934 Shipka Pass Memorial, second issue:
1932 Airmail set:
Miniature Sheet no.1: Boris III Accession to the Throne 19th Anniversary (1937):
1,2: 1936 Definitives: Numeral and Coat of Arms
3-5: 4th Slavic Geographical and Ethnographical Congress in Sofia (1936)
6,7: Cyrillic Alphabet (4) Millenary (1937)
8: Princess M. Louise, Daughter of King Boris III (1937)
9: King Boris Accession to the Throne 19th Anniversary (1937)
10-19: Bulgarian Agriculture (1938)
20-23: Prince Simeon (5) 1st Birthday (1938)
24-28: King Boris Accession to the Throne 20th Anniversary (1938)
29-32: Bulgarian Railway (6) 50th Anniversary (1939)
33,34: Bulgarian Post (7) 60th Anniversary (1939)
35-39: 9th Summit of Gymnastic Society Junak (1939)
40-42: 1939 Express Delivery
43: 1939 Sevlievo Flood Relief (overprint on definitive stamps)
(1) Giovanna Elisabetta
Antonia Romana Maria di Savoia-Carignano (1907-2000) was the last Tsaritsa
Born in Rome, the third daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, Giovanna was raised in the Villa Savoia and from a young age was aware her aim in life was to further the House of Savoy's dynastic aspirations through marriage. She married Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria in October 1930. At a second ceremony in Sofia, Giovanna converted to Orthodox. She then got on with the task of producing an heir to the Bulgarian throne, first giving birth to Marie-Louise in January 1933 and then successfully producing an heir in Simeon II of Bulgaria in 1937.
In the years prior to World War II, Giovanna became heavily involved in charities, including the financing of a children's hospital. During the war she counterbalanced her husband consigning Bulgaria to the Axis by obtaining transit visas to enable a number of Jews to escape to Argentina. Tsar Boris died in 1943. Simeon became the new Tsar and a regency was established, led by his uncle Prince Kyril. In the dying days of World War II, Bulgaria was invaded by the Soviet Union and Prince Kyril was tried by a People's Court and executed. Giovanna and Simeon remained in Bulgaria until 1946, when the new Communist government gave them 48 hours to leave the country. After initially fleeing to Egypt, they moved to Spain, where she lived for the rest of her life.
(2) Velcho Atanasov
Dzamdzijata (1778-1835) was a Bulgarian revolutionary and freedom fighter.
He led an unsuccessful uprising in Turnovo in 1835, and was hung by the Turks
after the uprising was suppressed.
Georgi S. Mamarchev (1786-1846) was a captain in the Russian army. In 1835 Mamarchev was Commanding Officer in Silistra and supported the Turnovo uprising with military forces. As a Russian citizen he was expelled after the uprising.
(3) Polish-Hungarian king Vladislav III Yagello, was born in 1424 and was the first child of Polish king and great Lithuanian prince Vladislav II Yagello. In 1434 Vladislav inherited the Polish throne and the crown. In 1440 Poland and Hungary concluded a union, that gave Vladislav the Hungarian crown as well, under the condition that he would unite both kingdoms in the struggle against the Ottoman invaders. In 1443 Vladislav launched his first campaign against the Turks and defeated the enemy at Nish. He entered Bulgaria and reached Zlatitsa. A coming winter made Vladislav conclude a peace treaty. Next year he undertook yet another campaign, involving Transylvanian leader John Hunyadi and Wallachian prince Vlad Dracul. Vladislav is believed to have died at Varna battle, which took place on November 10, 1444. Together with the loss faded the last hope of defeating the Turkish invasion in Europe and Bulgaria remained under Turkish occupation.
(4) Two monks from Salonika, Cyril and Methodios are generally acknowledged as the originators of the Cyrillic alphabet. It is assumed that the new alphabet was developed after a request in 862 from Prince Rostislav in Moravia, who wanted a separate Slavonic alphabet to stem the influence from the Franks and Germans. The new alphabet enabled the use of Bulgarian language in both administration and liturgy, and in 893 a national council adopted Bulgarian as official language in the Bulgarian state and church both.
St. Climent of Ohrid, a disciple of Cyril and Methodios, established at the end of the 9th century a Bulgarian school in Ohrid which included both theological and other subjects. During it's first 7 years the school attracted more than 3.000 students. St. Climent simplified the newly developed Slavonic alphabet and gave it the name "Cyrillic" after his master.
(5) Simeon Borisov Sakskoburggotski, formerly Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria, (born in 1937) was the last Tsar of Bulgaria from 1943 to 1946. Simeon is the son of Tsar Boris III. He became Tsar on August 28, 1943 upon the sudden death of his father, shortly after a dinner meeting with A. Hitler. Since he was still a minor, his uncle, Prince Kyril of Bulgaria and two others were appointed regents. On the 9th September, 1944, Kyril and the other regents were removed by an antifascist Soviet-backed coup. Simeon was allowed to stay on the throne with regents appointed by the new government. A 1946 referendum voted to abolish the monarchy, and the royal family left the country without Simeon abdicating.
In July 1951 the Spanish government of Francisco Franco granted asylum to the exiled Bulgarian royal family. In 1996 Simeon was finally permitted to return to Bulgaria. In April, 2001, he founded a political party that won half the parliamentary seats that year, and he became Bulgaria's prime minister.
(6) The first railway line on the territory of Bulgaria, connecting the stations Rousse and Varna, was commissioned on 7th November 1866. The Railroad Law, adopted by the National Assembly on 31st January 1885, postulated that the railway network in Bulgaria would be constructed and operated by the state. It is by virtue of this law that the system of the Bulgarian State Railways was put in place. On 1st August 1888 the first railway line, connecting Tsaribrod-Sofia-Vakarel, which was designed and constructed by Bulgarian engineers and constructors was commissioned.
(7) The postal communications in the Ottoman Empire originated much later than those in the European lands, only in the early 17th century. The organisation of the Turkish Posts was weak, insecure, with a limited network and was not able to satisfy the needs of the trade, craftsmanship, population and especially the foreign states needs. During the Russian-Turkish war, the Turkish army destroyed in its retreat all telegraph lines, burned down a lot of postal and telegraph offices and the staff left Bulgaria. The victorious Russian armies organised field postal offices and routes. Firstly, the Posts & Telegraph serviced only the Russian armies and then they started to provide services to the population as well. In May 1879 the Russian clerks submitted to the Bulgarian government all postal and telegraph offices with all their stock and equipment. According to the Temporary Rules for the Postal Part in Bulgaria, the management and the organisation were assigned to the Postal Department, which at the beginning was within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and later within Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Principality of Bulgaria. Bulgaria issued their first stamps on May 1, 1879. The stamps were printed in Russia.